Scrap recycling is a sustainable industry that promotes economic growth while preserving the environment and natural resources. Like any manufacturer, recycling facilities are subject to a number of regulations under the Clean Air Act (CAA), Clean Water Act (CWA), Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation,
and Liability Act (CERCLA; also known as “Superfund”). However, because the industry produces specification-grade scrap commodities from unprocessed scrap and other scrap materials, some regulatory requirements are unique to the industry. Environmental regulations of particular relevance to the industry are reviewed below.