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India Eases Regulations for Processed Scrap Metal Shipments

India’s Directorate General of Foreign Trade (New Delhi) is now allowing self-inspection and certification of shipments of processed scrap metal to India. The change to its Handbook of Procedures for Foreign Trade Policy is in response to requests from ISRI, the Bureau of International Recycling (Brussels), and the Metals Recycling Association of India (Mumbai), which say the change will make the requirements less of a burden for exporters of scrap metal to India.

Exporters of scrap metal that has been shredded, cut sheared, rotor sheared, briquetted, baled, bundled, or is in the form of turnings, borings, granules, or nodules can ship the materials to specified ports in India without obtaining a preshipment inspection certificate from a third-party preshipment inspection agency as long as the shipments meet certain requirements. The allowed ports are Cochin, Ennore, Goa, Haldia, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Kolkata, New Mangalore, Tuticorin, and Visakhapatnam.

To fulfill the requirements, the importer must certify that it is importing processed scrap metal, and the processed scrap metal does not contain any symbol related to ionizing radiation or a mark related to transporting dangerous goods classified as Class 7 under United Nations classification. The consignment cannot contain arms, ammunition, mines, shells, cartridges, or other explosive material in any form, whether it is used or not. The consignment must be checked for radiation levels, and it should not have a radiation level above a natural background level, the handbook says.

The importer also must agree to re-export any materials that do not conform to the criteria, post a bond of about $16,000, and acknowledge that it might be liable for money damages to India’s government if any materials in the shipment do not conform to the criteria. The importer must give India Customs a copy of its contract with the exporter, which must show that the exporter will ensure the shipment meets the requirements. The exporter also must complete a certificate that provides certain information and an affirmation that it has inspected the shipment to ensure that it conforms to the requirements. Visit

Study Examines MRF Materials Flow

A new MRF material flow study examines ways to optimize package recycling in a materials recovery facility. The study examined where different types of packages ended up in a sorting facility, why they flowed as they did, and what changes could result in the recovery of more materials.

The researchers looked at five U.S. MRFs of different sizes, both single and dual stream. They added materials that are not commonly accepted for recycling—such as cups, clamshells, domes/trays, bottles, tubs, lids, and gable-top and aseptic cartons—to the mix of standard recycling items that typically go through each facility. Then they tested sample bales of paper, plastic, and residue to see where the materials flowed naturally, without intervention from MRF operators.

The study finds that bottles flow more consistently to the proper bale than tubs and other non-bottle containers do, most likely because typically there are more bottles in the flow than other types of containers. The tests found 20 times more regular-weight PET bottles than small PET containers.

The study also looked at the sortability of containers that most recycling programs do not accept but sometimes end up in recycling bins. For example, paper beverage cups tended to flow to the container line, along with cartons and plastic cups, and a higher percentage of the paper cups were lost to residue. That might be because manual sorters are less accustomed to seeing them, or sorters could be overwhelmed when the optical sorter fails to catch the items, the report says.

Consumers can help ensure more effective recycling by not flattening packages before putting them in the bin, the researchers suggest. Three-dimensional items in their original form have a higher likelihood of making it through the system than flattened items, the study states.

The Carton Council of North America (Denton, Texas), American Chemistry Council (Washington, D.C.), Association of Postconsumer Plastic Recyclers (Wash­ington, D.C.), Foodservice Packaging Institute (Falls Church, Va.), and National Association for PET Container Resources (Florence, Ky.) funded the study. Visit

Shippers Must Verify Container Weights

A new global mandate from the World Shipping Council (Washington, D.C.) requires every packed container to have a verified container weight as a condition of vessel loading as of July 1, 2016. A new guidance document explains the requirements for shippers, carriers, and terminal operators. The shipper must provide the container’s gross verified weight to the ocean carrier and port terminal representative in advance of vessel loading. The information will be used for the ship’s stowage plan, the WSC says. Visit and navigate to Industry Issues, Safety, and Cargo Weight.

Keep PET Out of the Sun, Study Advises

A new report from Plastic Technologies (Holland, Ohio) examines the effects of sunlight and fluorescent lights on recycled PET material, including how they affect yellowing in the plastic. The report, “How Light Impacts Recycled Polyethylene Terephthalate (rPET) Characteristics,” says storing bottles outside in direct sunlight in a hot and humid environment can have a detrimental effect on the PET’s color and makes the material more brittle. The yellowing limits its use in rigid packaging because the more rPET added to virgin PET during bottle manufacturing, the more yellow the resulting bottle is, the report says.

In the study, researchers crushed virgin PET 2-liter bottles and stacked them five to six deep in uncovered, open-sided crates for a year on the roof of a recycling facility in Toledo, Ohio. Researchers stored another set of bottles indoors under a fluorescent light, and they stored a third set of bottles in an area protected from light exposure. The PET is most vulnerable in bales stored outdoors, such as while waiting for transfer to a reclamation facility, the report states. Visit

SERI Standardizes R2 Requirements

Sustainable Electronics Recycling International (Boulder, Colo.) will further standardize the documentation recyclers must provide to auditors, auditing procedures, and auditors’ reports to certifying bodies for the Responsible Recycling (R2) certification. Greater standardization will create a more level playing field for recyclers who want to get certified, SERI says.

SERI also recently redesigned and added features to its website. It now updates the Find a Recycler directory daily rather than weekly, providing information on the types of materials certified companies accept, the recycling processes they use, and consumer drop-off availability. The new R2 online document library contains the R2 standard and all related documents. Users now can access the latest version of the standard and related documents in French and Chinese as well as in English, Spanish, and Portuguese. The new website also includes references and guides to relevant processes, including guides to getting certified, information on the Technical Advisory Committee, and information on how the R2 standard is updated. Visit www.

Among companies recently receiving R2 certification are Nave Communications (Jessup, Md.), a subsidiary of ADDvantage Technologies Group (Broken Arrow, Okla.), and TechWaste Recycling (Santa Ana, Calif.). Visit,, or

Study Analyzes Mixed Rigid Plastics Supply

A new study audits the contents of nontraditional bales of plastics in North America. The Association of Postconsumer Plastic Recyclers (Washington, D.C.) commissioned the 2015 “National Mixed Rigid Plastic Bale Composition Study” as a follow-up to a 2011 study, both of which Moore Recycling Associates (Sonoma, Calif.) conducted.

In the 2015 study, researchers sorted 23 bales by resin and product type at four different North American facilities, ultimately resulting in 90 categories of material. They found less trash in the bales than in the 2010/2011 study, and bales with bulky plastics had a higher percentage of plastics with metal than in 2010/2011. Household container and bulky rigid bales had the lowest contamination levels. The full study details each type of bale, sorted by product and resin categories, and it shows the average percentage of each category in the bale. It also provides comparative data from the 2010/2011 study. The 51-page study is $1,000 for APR members and $2,500 for nonmembers. Visit, or go to to view a webinar about the project.

Guidelines Help Companies Verify Landfill-Free Status

NSF International Sustainability’s (Ann Arbor, Mich.) Guideline 445: Landfill-Free Verification offers a framework for companies to demonstrate their waste-reduction efforts. To qualify for a verification mark, companies must create a five-year continuous improvement plan to reduce waste that NSF International will review and approve annually. Requirements for the verification include documenting all waste-management procedures, tracking all waste streams, and demonstrating that less than 1 percent of process waste by weight goes into landfills. Companies also must implement training programs for employees and contractors to make sure they enforce waste-management plans. Businesses should account for electronic scrap through measures such as working with a recycler certified to the R2 or e-Stewards standard, NSF says. Visit

NAID Offers Subsidy for Certification Process

The National Association for Information Destruction (Phoenix) will offer a subsidy to members that retain an approved consulting firm to help them apply for and obtain a NAID AAA certification. JT Environmental (Orlando, Fla.) and Prime Compliance (Grand Rapids, Mich.) have applied to be on the approved consultants list. NAID will make a limited number of subsidies available each year, it says. Visit 

L.A. Group Calls for Exclusive Hauling Franchises

A report from the Los Angeles Alliance for a New Economy argues that cities in Southern California should adopt exclusive franchise systems for trash hauling and recycling as a means of meeting the statewide goal of reducing landfilling by 75 percent. The report, titled “Cleaning Up Waste and Recycling Management and Securing the Benefits,” argues that an exclusive franchise system encourages a competitive process that results in lower overall costs. An exclusive franchise system also would reduce traffic congestion and damage to roads, as well as pollution from diesel-powered collection vehicles, it adds. The “waste sector” is the third largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in L.A. County, according to the report.

Efficient recycling methods are critical to improved public health, jobs, and safety, the report says. Recycling reduces the need for landfills and incinerators, which in turn can reduce air pollution, and it helps cities save money, energy, and water, it says. When the recycling system is cleaner and more efficient, it also is safer for recycling employees. Recycling also can generate revenue and create jobs in the industry, it says, and it reduces the demand for virgin materials. Visit 

Getting the Lead Out of Wheel Weights (Carson, Calif.), an online automotive repair resource, says it supports initiatives to end the use of lead wheel weights and to replace them with nonlead alternatives. Consumers can ask service shops to use weights without lead, it says.

The Automotive Maintenance & Repair Association (Arlington Heights, Ill.) and its Motorist Assurance Program also support the use of nonlead alternatives. About 2,000 tons of lead wheel weights fall off cars and into roadways each year, according to a 2003 study from the U.S. Geological Survey (Reston, Va.). Some states, including California, Minnesota, Illinois, Maine, New York, Vermont, and Washington, have banned lead weights, and many original equipment manufacturers have already switched to nonlead weights, says. Visit or


■ Pratt Industries (Conyers, Ga.) opened two new recycling facilities in June:
a 110,000-square-foot plant in Gary, Ind., and a 38,000-square-foot site in Wichita, Kan. Both will support the company’s recycled box mill in Valparaiso, Ind., which Pratt expects to open in September. The two new facilities can process more than 120,000 tons of recyclables a year, primarily recovered paper, but also metals and plastics, Pratt says. The Gary facility, which is the first Pratt location in Indiana, is designed to process more than 70,000 tons of recyclables each year. Pratt has installed dual shredders at the plant to shred and recycle about 2,000 tons of used books each month. The Wichita plant is more than three times the size of Pratt’s previous facility in that city, it says. About 30 people work at the two sites as of June. As volume increases, the company says it plans to expand the workforce within the next year. Visit

■ Arrow Electronics (Centennial, Colo.) has expanded its value recovery business in Dallas. The operation refurbishes smartphones, computers, tablets, and other electronic devices, or it repurposes valuable component parts for other uses, the company says. The expansion will double the Dallas facility’s capacity to process devices for reuse or recycling. Visit

■ Arrow Electronics (Centennial, Colo.) has expanded its value recovery business in Dallas. The operation refurbishes smartphones, computers, tablets, and other electronic devices, or it repurposes valuable component parts for other uses, the company says. The expansion will double the Dallas facility’s capacity to process devices for reuse or recycling. Visit

■ Precious metals recycler MAIREC (Alzenau, Germany) is opening a new facility in Spartanburg, S.C., in September. MAIREC says it will spend $4.6 million on the project and create 35 new jobs at the facility over five years. It has leased a 50,800-square-foot building for its operations. Visit

■ Renew Bahamas (Nassau) opened a new materials recycling facility in May, the first of its kind in the Bahamas, it says. The 125,000-square-foot plant will process up to 80 mt an hour of residential and commercial materials, says equipment manufacturer Machinex (Plessisville, Quebec). It partnered with Renew Bahamas to design and install the new facility, which has sorting and baling technologies and will be staffed with about 50 people throughout the day. The new MRF and related infrastructure cost $7 million, it says. The plant’s ability to recycle and export materials such as corrugated and plastic will cut waste and reduce the risk of fire at the adjacent landfill, it says. Visit or

■ Midrex Technologies (Charlotte, N.C.) and Paul Wurth Technologies (Luxembourg) are building what they call the world’s largest multiple-product direct-reduced iron plant for Tosyali Algeria (Iskenderun, Turkey) in Bethioua, Algeria. The new Midrex NG direct-reduction plant combo will produce 2.5 million mt of DRI and will have the capacity to produce hot direct-reduced iron, cold direct-reduced iron, or both simultaneously without stopping production, it says. An Amund hot transport conveyor will move HDRI to a new EAF meltshop near the Midrex DRI plant, which will result in better EAF productivity and energy savings, Midrex says. Visit,, or

■ Steel & Metals Market Research (Reutte, Austria) has established a new subsidiary, SMR Premium (Dusseldorf, Germany), which will research and analyze world markets for high-value products in specialty metals and alloys, the company says. Some of the target clients include producers of remelted steels, forgings, powder metallurgy, or other high-value metals and alloys, SMR says. Benedikt Blitz, who has been a market analyst with SMR for nearly 10 years, will manage SMR Premium. Visit and


■ Total Merchant, an investment vehicle created by Ye Chiu Group (Taicang City, China) Chairman and Managing Director Chung Sheng Huang, has purchased Metalico (Cranford, N.J.) for about $105 million in an all-cash transaction. Metalico and its subsidiaries operate ferrous, nonferrous, and platinum group metals recycling facilities in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, New Jersey, and Mississippi. Visit

■ Constellium (Amsterdam) has acquired Wise Metals Intermediate Holdings (Muscle Shoals, Ala.), a private aluminum sheet metal producer. Constellium says the acquisition gives it access to 450,000 mt of hot mill capacity from the widest strip mill in North America. The purchase also supports Constellium’s position in the can market and positions it to grow its North American body-in-white market, it says. It plans to invest about $750 million in the Muscle Shoals plant by 2022. Visit

■ Alcoa (New York) has acquired RTI International Metals (Pittsburgh), which supplies titanium and specialty metal products and services for commercial aerospace, defense, energy, and medical device markets. Alcoa says the merger will help the company innovate in the aerospace industry, particularly in its titanium offerings, noting titanium is the world’s fastest-growing aerospace metal.

RTI has been integrated as a standalone business, called Alcoa Titanium & Engineered Products, in Alcoa’s Engineered Products and Solutions segment. RTI’s titanium operations include midstream processes, such as melting, ingot casting, bloom, billet, plate, and sheet production, and downstream extrusions for aerospace and oil and gas applications. Alcoa says these capabilities complement its titanium investment casting and forging capabilities and will contribute to a closed titanium scrap loop. Visit

■ Information provider Platts (London) has acquired Petromedia (Windsor, England), which provides news, daily prices, and analysis on the global shipping and oil markets. It also offers services to manage counterparty risk and monitor marine fuel quality and alternative marine fuel. Petromedia also has a bunker procurement platform. Bunker fuel accounts for 70 percent of operational costs for moving commodities across water, Platts says. The acquisition extends its bunker coverage to incorporate information beyond price discovery and market fundamentals, it says. Visit or


■ The Shredder Co. (Canutillo, Texas) has filed for bankruptcy liquidation after 55 years in business. It cited increasing costs of energy, environmental compliance, and government regulations such as mandated health insurance and unemployment benefits as factors making its operating a foundry cost prohibitive. Imports of Chinese replacement shredder parts also made it too hard to compete in the market, the company says. Its reported gross income was $15.45 million in 2014 and $21.72 million in 2013, but it had dropped to $3.18 million by this July.

TSC Chairman and CEO Alton Scott Newell Jr. started a new company in June, Newell Recycling Equipment (El Paso, Texas), which designs and sells shredding plants and related equipment. It also installs shredders and related equipment and provides replacement parts, which a third party fabricates, it says. Call 915/276-3900.

■ Merged packaging companies MeadWestvaco Corp. (Richmond, Va.) and RockTenn Co. (Norcross, Ga.) now operate as WestRock Co., trading on the New York Stock Exchange as WRK. The new name went into effect July 1. WestRock operates about 300 facilities in 30 countries and has about 42,000 employees. Visit

■ Elemetal (Dallas), a precious metals conglomerate, has changed the names of its subsidiaries. The names include Elemetal Recycling, a large-scale processor of circuitboards and electronic scrap formerly known as Echo Environmental; Elemetal Direct, formerly NTR Metals; and Elemetal Refining, formerly OPM Metals. Visit

■ The software division of Regenersis (London), a device diagnostics, repair, and data erasure services provider, is now Blancco Technology Group. Headquartered in Alpharetta, Ga., the group’s subsidiaries include Blannco, which offers certified data erasure, and SmartChk by xCaliber Technologies, which offers mobile asset diagnostics and business intelligence. Visit

■ Camoplast Solideal (Magog, Quebec) changed its name to Camso in July. The company manufactures tires, tracks, and track systems for off-road vehicles for material handling and other markets. Visit


■ Toronto-based organizations Call2Recycle Canada and the Canadian Battery Association have created a partnership they say will help increase battery recycling. The organizations will increase the number of battery drop-off points and share some of their infrastructure and operations. Call2Recycle, which also operates in the United States, focuses on consumer single-use and rechargeable batteries up to 5 kg. CBA handles storage, transportation, and recycling for lead-acid batteries. The organizations aim to help educate Canadians about battery recycling through websites, battery collection events, and a call center. Visit call2 or
■ C2 Management (Berryville, Va.) has won a contract to secure data and recycle computers and other electronics for state agencies from the Virginia Office of Surplus Property Management (Richmond). C2 was one of three companies to receive the contract to offer electronics recycling to state agencies and other public bodies such as public schools, the company says. Visit

■ Procter & Gamble Fabric Care (Cincinnati) plans to add more postconsumer recycled plastic to its product packaging for such flagship brands as Ariel and Dash. It will increase its recycled material use incrementally by 3,800 mt a year, eventually making all of its products and packaging from renewable and recycled materials, it says. The first P&G Fabric Care bottles made with postconsumer plastics will go on sale in the first half of 2016. Visit


■ Bane Machinery (Dallas) became a dealer for Liebherr Construction Equipment Co. (Newport News, Va.) in June. Bane will promote, sell, and service the full line of Lieberr material handling equipment in northern, eastern, and western Texas, the company says. Bane’s facilities in Tyler and Fort Worth have parts and service centers, state-of-the-art tools, and factory-certified technicians to help customers, Liebherr says. Visit or

■ Galbreath (Winamac, Ind.), a Wastequip brand, has named Carolina Environmental Systems (Kernersville, N.C.) its exclusive equipment dealer for all of Georgia, expanding CES’s coverage of the state beyond the northern area. CES, which sells both new and used equipment for the recycling industry, also covers North and South Carolina for the company and sells and services Wastequip’s Pioneer and Mountain Tarp brands of tarping systems. Galbreath manufactures hoists, container handlers, and trailers. Visit or www.ces

n National Lift Truck Service (Pompano Beach, Fla.) is the newest authorized dealer for Hyundai Forklift (Norcross, Ga.). National has four full-service locations in Florida: Pompano Beach, Miami, West Palm Beach, and Port St. Lucie. The appointment expands Hyundai’s South Florida representation to cover an area from Miami-Dade County to Indian River County, with the possibility of expanding further north, Hyundai says. Visit or


■ Sims Recycling Solutions (Dumfries, Scotland) says it is one of the first companies to earn the CAS-S (CESG Assured Service Sanitisation) industry certification standard in the United Kingdom. The CAS assessment is a certification system for commercial data sanitization services, indicating a company’s compliance with and ability to deliver services based on guidelines created by the Communications-Electronics Security Group of the British government. Sims Recycling Solutions provides mobile and fixed-location data sanitization services, such as shredding and degaussing, it says. Visit www.

■ Duesmann & Hensel Recycling North America (West Berlin, N.J.) has achieved ISO 14001:2004 certification for its environmental and sustainability practices. The company recovers precious metals such as platinum, palladium, and rhodium from catalytic converters, oxygen sensors, and electronic scrap. In 2010, Duesmann & Hensel was certified to the ISO 9001:2008 standard, which address quality management. Visit

■ Rumpke Waste & Recycling (Dayton, Ohio) has won first place for its glass recycling process in the “service to society” category of the Innovation Index Awards. The Dayton Business Journal and the Dayton Development Coalition present the awards. Each year, Rumpke’s glass plant in Dayton processes more than 40,000 tons of glass bottles and jars collected from homes, restaurants, bars, and other venues, the company says. In 2014, Rumpke launched a project with engineering students from the University of Dayton Innovation Center to improve the glass recycling process, it says. The students are developing a system that will reduce contamination of the plant’s feedstock 20 percent. This will allow Rumpke to more efficiently process the glass and recycle a higher volume of it, the company says. Visit

■ John Zubick Ltd. (London, Ontario) won the silver prize in creativity from the Summit International Awards for its 2015 calendar, which features images of materials in the Zubick recycling yard and photos of sculptures made out of recycled materials. London ad agency Marketing Strategies & Solutions created the calendar, now in its third year. The sculptures result from a project the Zubick family sponsors for fine arts students at Fanshawe College, also in London. Visit or

■ This summer, RoadBuilders Machinery & Supply Co. (Kansas City, Kan.) celebrated its 30th anniversary. The company is a supplier for the scrap handling, construction, roadbuilding, and aggregate processing industries. Visit


■ Sims Metal Management (New York) selected the recycling management software platform from Brady Recycling (Maumee, Ohio) for its Australian operations to upgrade its critical business systems. The upgrade fits with Sims’ global strategy to consolidate its business systems to a single platform, the company says. Brady has provided software for Sims in North America and the Australasia region for many years, Sims says. Visit or

n Equipment makers AMUT (Novara, Italy) and Bulk Handling Systems (Eugene, Ore.) will provide technology to help Unifi (Greensboro, N.C.) increase its capacity to turn PET bottles into recycled fibers for automotive products and apparel.

AMUT says it will design, build, and assemble a new PET washing plant, which will use its patented AMUT dry delabeling system to remove shrink wrap from postconsumer bottles. Bulk Handling Systems will design, manufacture, and install a front-end PET purification system that contains nine optical sorters made by National Recovery Technologies, a BHS subsidiary. The system also will have the latest screens and air-sorting technology, AMUT says.

The system will process 22,000 pounds an hour of baled materials, BHS says, removing the non-PET content and preparing the PET to be converted to flake. The flake will be used in Unifi’s Repreve line of polyester fibers and yarns. Visit,, or www.bulkhandling

■ Colchester County, Nova Scotia, will upgrade its recycling facility and add new equipment to recycle polystyrene foam with the help of a $50,000 grant from the Foam Recycling Coalition, an offshoot of the Foodservice Packaging Institute (Falls Church, Va.). The county will process the recovered foam into bricks in its materials recovery facility before sending it to end markets. Residents and commercial outlets in Colchester County will be able to add polystyrene foam items, such as egg cartons and meat trays, to their recycling bins once the county completes the upgrades, FPI says. Colchester County is the first recipient outside the United States to receive a grant from the coalition, which is working to increase the collection, processing, and market­ing of postconsumer polystyrene foam. Visit or

■ Pease & Curren (Warwick, R.I.) has expanded its jewelry refining capabilities by adding three new precious stone processing kettles that remove smaller stone lots of 25 ounces and less from gold, silver, and platinum settings without damaging the stones. Visit


■ Midwest Equipment Sales (Columbus, Ohio) has moved its main distribution center and corporate headquarters to a new location in Columbus. The new 193,700-square-foot facility will give MWE the space to expand its aftermarket track, tires, and undercarriage parts inventory, the company says. Find MWE at 777 Manor Park Drive, Columbus, OH 43228. Visit www.tracks

■ The Aluminum Association moved its headquarters to a new location in Arlington, Va., June 22. The new building, which is certified gold under the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design standards, has aluminum-related design features, including aluminum louvers around the reception area and a sculpture made of coil and billet pieces. Reach the association at 1400 Crystal Drive, Suite 430, Arlington, VA 22202. Visit

New toner cartridge is 100-percent recyclable

ProEarth Toner (McHenry, Ill.) has created a laser toner cartridge it says is 100-percent recyclable. The new toners have a patent-pending tracking system to provide accountability and encourage responsible recycling. To further encourage recycling, the company offers a $5 coupon toward a future purchase for each ProEarth cartridge returned. Visit


■ The Paperboard Packaging Council’s (Springfield, Mass.) new webinar addresses the pros and cons of extended producer responsibility. EPR strategies are ideal for some hard-to-recycle products, the PPC asserts, but it calls for the paperboard packaging industry to be exempt because current voluntary recycling initiatives are already successful. Visit

■ The American Chemistry Council (Wash­ington, D.C.) and Ocean Recovery Alliance (Hong Kong) have created two free tools to help communities learn more about implementing plastics-to-fuel technologies. The 2015 Plastics-to-Fuel Developers Guide and the Cost Estimating Tool for Prospective Project Developers describe available commercial technologies, operational facilities, things to consider when developing a business plan, and what fuels such technologies can produce. Visit or

■ Recyclebank (New York), a recycling incentive company, has new contamination education content on its website and in its communications to municipal clients to teach users how to recycle the right way. The content, which is part of its education initiative, includes reading material and quizzes on the types of materials that can be recycled, the problems caused when the wrong items make it into the recycling bin, and the importance of making sure recyclables are clean and dry to prevent contamination. Visit

■ Research and Markets’s (Dublin) new report on the electronic scrap market analyzes the factors that drive or limit the growth of the market globally between 2013 and 2020. Titled “Global E-Waste Managing Market,” the $4,515 report also looks at technologies that can help the market grow in the future. Key segments of the report include market by type (discarded or recycled e-scrap), by source (household appliances, lighting, refrigerators, or other items), and by geography (including North America, Europe, and the Asia-Pacific region). Visit

Tighter Times, Leaner Solutions at CARI

The scrap industry will continue to see tighter times, according to speakers at the Canadian Association of Recycling Industries’ (Ottawa) 2015 convention, held June 25–27 in St. John’s,

The weak Canadian dollar and strong U.S. dollar, China’s slipping economy, and excess North American processing capacity are key factors behind the industry’s present woes, said the panelists at the meeting’s economic and financial outlook roundtable: Jim Lawrence, reporter for American Metal Market (New York); Aaron Goertzen, economist at BMO Capital Markets (Toronto); Brian Shine, president of Manitoba Corp. (Lancaster, N.Y.); and Jerry Golden, president of Rochester Aluminum Smelting Canada (Concord, Ontario). And they predicted these trends would continue at least through the end of the year.

The scrap recycling industry itself has changed, observed AMM’s Lawrence, who joined Indranil Sinha, purchasing and logistics general manager at Essar Steel Algoma (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario), for a session on ferrous recycling. The widespread use of handheld metal analyzers is one example of the changes Lawrence said he has seen in the steel industry during his four decades in the business. Indeed, metal grading is now one of the most important industry tasks, Sinha said. With nearly 3,500 steel grades, manufacturers and recyclers now need to know exactly which type of steel each customer needs.

Public perceptions about recycling present another challenge to the industry. Canadians generally view recycling favorably, but there’s often a disconnect between how the public views household recycling and how it views scrapyards, said Nik Nanos, president and CEO of Nanos Research (Toronto), reporting on surveys his company had conducted throughout Canada. Scrap recyclers can bridge the gap by converting the public’s positive view of household recycling to positive views of industrial and commercial recycling, Nanos said. Recyclers can manage their reputations by having—and conveying—a clear message about their work’s benefits and lack of risk, thus showing the public that “commercial and industrial recycling is sophisticated and valuable.” But authenticity is paramount, Nanos stressed, because if the public believes “that your facility doesn’t align with what you say, you’re done.”

The industry’s challenges make it important for recyclers to network with and learn from peers and to get involved in the industry through associations such as CARI and ISRI, noted Shine, who is vice chair of ISRI.

Lean management strategies and more employee development also could help companies get through these tougher times. Ian Marshall, lean champion at Canadian Manufacturers & Exporters’ Manitoba division (Winnipeg), explained how using lean manufacturing principles can eliminate wastefulness within a company, improve employee engagement, increase output, and lower operating costs. Evaluating a company’s value stream often shows managers how much employee time goes to waste rather than adds value, for example, he said. Managers who can engage employees thus not only help boost worker morale and motivation but also uncover ideas for improving the company, Marshall added.

Strategic business adviser Brent Strader said he has seen lean principles in action while working with BMI (Bridgewater, Nova Scotia), a ferrous and nonferrous recycling firm. He believes that every company benefits from discarding any practices that don’t add value. Since instituting the lean strategy in 2012, BMI reduced the number of man hours it needs for each ton it processes, resulting in 300-percent growth and a 40-percent expense reduction, he said. Both Marshall and Strader stressed the importance of managers following through and committing to implementing the lean strategy.

Investing in employee training is another strategy managers should focus on, according to ISRI Vice President of Member Services Chuck Carr and training specialist Judy Ferraro of Judy Ferraro & Associates (Lemont, Ill.). They dispelled myths such as that experienced people don’t need training, that training is too expensive, and that some companies are too small for training. Managers might find it difficult to remove employees from their regular daily duties—particularly during challenging times—but training is an investment in employees and loyalty that ultimately benefits a business, Carr and Ferraro said. And for training to be effective, managers must not consider it a “one-and-done” event, but rather an ongoing process with long-term benefits—like brushing your teeth, they said.

More than 150 attendees and 30 exhibitors participated in CARI’s 74th annual convention. Newly appointed President and CEO Tracy Shaw, who joined CARI in 2010 and previously was its communications and membership manager, served as the mistress of ceremonies for the informational sessions and for the final night’s gala. She said she wants to carry on the positive example set by her father, Len Shaw, who retired last year as the organization’s executive director. CARI already is preparing for next year’s convention celebrating the association’s 75th anniversary. —Katie Pyzyk

Company Envisions Recycled Plastic Roads

If a company in the Netherlands has its way, motorists could start driving on roads made from recycled plastic as early as 2018. VolkerWessels’ (Amersfoort) PlasticRoad project would make roads out of recycled plastic materials recovered from oceans or from incineration plants in the Netherlands and Germany. The PlasticRoad project is still in its research phase, but the company says it will work with recyclers and researchers to build and test the concept. The city of Rotterdam already has volunteered a location to test the idea, the company says.

The roads would last at least 50 years, or about three times as long as traditional asphalt roads, the company says. The increased life span and durability would mean less maintenance, lower maintenance costs, and fewer maintenance-related traffic jams and detours, it says. If a road does need maintenance, crews could use pre-made modular pieces to replace damaged segments of the street.

The new roads would be able to withstand temperature extremes from below zero to above 100 degrees F. The roads also would be more resistant to corrosion than typical road materials, VolkerWessels says. The road segments’ hollow design would have room for cables, pipes, rainwater, or technology such as traffic loop sensors or measuring equipment, it adds. The PlasticRoad design also has room for future innovations, such as the capacity for heated roads or roads engineered to reduce traffic noise, the company says. Visit

From Fishing to Flooring

Instead of tangling around reefs or polluting ocean waters, old nylon fishing nets are serving a new land-based purpose: fiber for carpets. Carpet tile manufacturer Interface (LaGrange, Ga.) and the Zoological Society of London are working with fishing communities in the Philippines and Cameroon to recycle the nylon into carpet fiber. The Net-Works program helps people in developing countries sell their used nets for extra income, which helps the economy in costal fishing communities while preventing the old nets from polluting oceans and other bodies of water, ZSL says.

Since 2012, the program has collected nearly 150,000 pounds of nylon nets at 14 sites near Danajon Bank and the Bantayan Islands in the Philippines. Now Net-Works has added new collection sites in Northern Iloilo in the Philippines and in the Lake Ossa region of Cameroon, where residents use nets for freshwater fishing, Interface says. Visit or

Scrap Magazine, May/June 2015