Aluminum Cans Reduce Their Environmental Impact
The 2014 update to an aluminum can life cycle assessment study originally released in 2010 indicates that the beverage containers have further reduced their environmental impact by several measures. Sustainability research firm PE International (Boston) found aluminum cans made in the United States and Canada required 14 percent less energy to manufacture in 2012 than they did in 2006. Those produced in the United States contained an average of 70 percent recycled content in 2012, up from 68 percent in 2006. The cans also are 2 percent lighter than they were during the first analysis.
The comprehensive life cycle assessment examines the entire can-making process and offers updated information on energy use, recycling rates, and material consumption. The report found that increased energy efficiency, engineering changes to cans, and additional recycling contributed to the improved sustainability. Visit www.aluminum.org/sustainabilityreports.
■ In further aluminum industry news, the Aluminium Stewardship Initiative (Gland, Switzerland) has introduced a new global standard for sustainable aluminum production and stewardship. The group devised the standard to demonstrate industry responsibility and promote consumer confidence in aluminum products. It addresses the entire aluminum life cycle, from bauxite extraction to goods production to scrap recycling. The stewardship criteria include resource efficiency, design for the environment, and the development of recycling timelines and targets for end-of-life aluminum-containing products.
A third party will certify both products and companies to the standard. Several end users—such as Audi (Ingolstadt, Germany), BMW Group (Munich), and Nestlé Nespresso (Lausanne, Switzerland)—already have expressed interest in buying certified aluminum when it becomes available. Visit www.aluminium-stewardship.org.
Global Steel Production Increases
World crude steel production reached 1.66 billion mt in 2014, up 1.2 percent from 2013. The World Steel Association (Brussels) released the numbers, which indicate the Middle East experienced the most significant growth, while the European Union, North America, and Asia showed moderate growth. Crude steel production decreased in South America and the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Asia remained a dominant force, producing 1.13 billion mt of crude steel, up 1.4 percent compared with 2013. Although China’s crude steel production increased 0.9 percent, to 822.7 million mt, its share of overall world production decreased slightly, from 49.7 percent in 2013 to 49.5 percent in 2014, worldsteel says. China remained the world’s top steelmaker, with Japan again a distant second. Japan saw its output increase 0.1 percent, producing 110.7 million mt. Also in Asia, South Korea’s crude steel production rose 7.5 percent, to 71 million mt. The Middle East’s crude steel output, meanwhile, totaled 28.5 million mt in 2014, which is a 7.7-percent increase over 2013.
The European Union registered 1.7-percent growth, producing 169.2 million mt of crude steel in 2014. Germany led EU output with 42.9 million mt, a 0.7-percent increase, followed by Italy with 23.7 million mt, a 1.4-percent decrease, worldsteel reports. France’s crude steel production edged up 2.9 percent, to 16.1 million mt, while Spain’s dipped 0.6 percent, to 14.2 million mt.
Compared with 2013, North America increased crude steel production 2 percent, to 121.2 million mt. The United States ranked third on the world output list, with production up 1.7 percent year on year, to 88.3 million mt, according to worldsteel. South America’s production slipped 1.4 percent, to 45.2 million mt. Brazil led that continent’s production at 33.9 million mt, a 0.7-percent decrease from 2013.
Production in the Commonwealth of Independent States fell 2.8 percent in 2014, to 105.3 million mt. In that region, Ukraine’s 17.1-percent drop, to 27.2 million mt, counteracted Russia’s 2.6-percent increase, to 70.7 million mt. Visit www.worldsteel.org.
When Life Gives You Corrugated…
Summer quickly approaches, and that brings opportunities for kids to flex their entrepreneurial muscles by running lemonade stands. Coming up with materials for constructing the stand, however, can prove challenging. That inspired Joel Zeid (shown at right) of Do It Yourself Toys (St. Louis) to create the easy-to-assemble Lemonade Stand in a Box, made from recycled and recyclable corrugated stock.
Children can decorate the 6-foot-tall, 11.5-pound stand for whatever they wish to sell: lemonade, baked goods, fruit, or crafts, for example. The stand also works as a puppet stage or for other, similar creative play. It stores in its original box for reuse.
Zeid, a former Paper Stock Industries Chapter scholarship recipient and son of PSI Chapter officer Leonard Zeid of Midland Davis Corp. (St. Louis), designed the product not only to provide young businesspeople with a sales venue, but also to give them a creative art outlet and teach them about recycling, he says. When a child finishes using the stand, he or she can remove the LDPE handle and toss the handle and stand into the recycling bin. The product is sold in St. Louis-area stores and online through www.walmart.com and www.amazon.com. Visit www.doityourselftoys.com.
ERI Collaborates With UN, Wharton
Electronic Recyclers International (Fresno, Calif.) is assisting the United Nations University (Tokyo), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (Washington, D.C.), and the Basel Convention Coordination Centre for Africa (Ibadan, Nigeria) with their Person in Port Project, which aims to analyze Nigeria’s imports and exports of used electronics and e-scrap. The project focuses on ending the illegal import and resale of nonfunctioning used electronics while ensuring lower-income people in developing countries have access to inexpensive used electronics.
The project is identifying the types and amounts of e-scrap Nigeria is importing; its functionality; how it’s packaged, labeled, and transported; its countries of origin; and what happens to the items once they arrive in Nigeria. ERI hosted a series of sessions to train the participating organizations on electronics recycling best practices. Visit www.unu.edu, www.basel.int, or www.electronicsrecyclers.com.
The company also has partnered with the University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of Business (Philadelphia) on its Initiative for Global Environmental Leadership. The collaboration includes initiatives to determine business sustainability best practices in electronics recycling and more broadly and reports on innovations in the electronic scrap industry. ERI chairman and CEO John Shegerian also received a seat on the IGEL advisory board. Visit www.electronicsrecyclers.com or www.igel.wharton.upenn.edu.
Groups Launch U.S. Carpet Stewardship Program
The Carpet and Rug Institute and Carpet America Recovery Effort (both of Dalton, Ga.) have created a voluntary product stewardship program for postconsumer carpet. The program provides up to $150,000 a quarter or $400,000 a year to sorters who divert postconsumer carpet from U.S. landfills for reuse, recycling, or fuel. The groups have designed the market-based VPS program to cover the sorting of all eligible postconsumer carpet, regardless of polymer type, primary materials, or construction. CARE will serve as the program’s stewardship organization. Carpet collected or sorted in states or municipalities with extended producer responsibility laws is not eligible. Further, sorters who apply for funding must agree to not support EPR-type laws while receiving funding and for 18 months after they receive their last payment.
CRI members have committed $4.5 million for the first year of what the groups expect to be a two-year program. Sorters can apply for funding by becoming CARE members, completing the necessary documents, and submitting quarterly reports to CARE. Visit www.carpetrecovery.org and click on the VPS Program tab.
NASCO-OP Offers 2014 Dividend
The National Association Supply Cooperative (New Philadelphia, Ohio) offered its members a 1.4-percent patronage dividend for 2014. The dividend, which NASCO-OP calculates based on the purchases a member or associate made during the year, reduces the purchase price of supplies and equipment. NASCO-OP is the recycling industry’s purchasing cooperative. Membership is available at no extra cost to members of ISRI, the Canadian Association of Recycling Industries (Ottawa, Ontario), the Automotive Recyclers Association (Manassas, Va.), and the National Association of Demolition Contractors (Washington, D.C.). Visit www.nascoop.com.
Openings and Expansions
■ Industrial Services of America (Louisville, Ky.) has relocated its Seymour, Ind., scrap collection and processing facility. The new, larger facility is more accessible, the company says, and it offers the region’s only nonferrous drive-through buying center, which will allow customers to drive in, park, and unload inside an enclosed warehouse. The retail buying operation is in a nearly 65,000-square-foot building on the site. A new horizontal baler at the facility will help ISA increase its nonferrous processing. Cohen USA (Middletown, Ohio) previously occupied the 14-acre yard, which is at 960 S, County Road 900 West, North Vernon, Ind. Seymour Tubing (Seymour, Ind.) has agreed to buy ISA’s previous facility. Visit www.isa-inc.com.
■ Automated electronics recycling kiosk company ecoATM (San Diego) is moving to a new office space in Sorrento Valley, Calif. The company expects the more than 53,000-square-foot structure to earn LEED Gold certification, thanks to features such as electric vehicle charging stations, construction materials consisting of more than 30 percent recycled content, energy-efficient lighting, and efficient water fixtures that reduce water use by 32 percent. Visit www.ecoatm.com.
■ Novelis (Atlanta) has expanded operations at its automotive scrap aluminum recycling facility in Oswego, N.Y. The $48 million investment includes a new 81,000-square-foot building for processing, sorting, and storing up to 10,000 mt of automotive scrap aluminum a month, in addition to infrastructure improvements to roads and parking. Including the new recycling center, Novelis has invested more than $400 million in the Oswego facility over the past five years. It has added more than 430 new employees during that time, and it plans to add another 250 jobs by 2020. Visit www.novelis.com.
■ Zimmer America (Spartanburg, S.C.) has launched a new recycling machinery company, Zimmer America Recycling Solutions, which is the exclusive North American sales representative for processing and equipment manufacturers STF Group (Aicha vorm Wald, Germany), ARTEC (Kremstal, Austria), Cofit (Cerro Maggiore, Italy), and DB Technologies (Schalkhaar, Netherlands). ZARS is in the same location and has the same leadership and CEO as its parent company. Visit www.zars-usa.com.
■ Sennebogen (Straubing, Germany) has opened a 7,000-square-foot facility in Straubing containing a museum honoring the company’s founder. The Erich Sennebogen Museum uses historic machines, documents, and images to illustrate the company’s development since its establishment more than 60 years ago. The facility also houses space for hosting corporate events and conferences for up to 350 people. Visit www.sennebogen-na.com.
■ Martin Engineering (Neponset, Ill.) has formed a Russian business unit in Moscow. The unit is focusing on applications for conveyors, flow aids, and engineered vibration while it adds sales, customer service, and technical support employees. The company’s teams in China, Europe, and the United States will support the Moscow unit as it builds its staff. The new group already supplies components that hold TR CU certification, which is similar to UL certification in the United States. Staff members at the Moscow site will be native Russian speakers to eliminate any language barriers with customers, it adds. Visit www.martin-eng.com.
Mergers and Acquisitions
■ Scrap metal recycler and broker Alter Trading Corp. (St. Louis) has purchased the assets of Wausau Scrap and Recycling Corp. (Wausau, Wis.). The Wallach family founded WSRC in 1951, and Peter Wallach led operations from 1966 until his death last year. Visit www.altertrading.com or www.wausauscrapandrecycling.com.
■ Upstate Shredding (Owego, N.Y.) CEO Adam Weitsman spent nearly $2.6 million on about 5.6 million shares of Metalico (Cranford, N.J.) stock during several purchases in January, according to a Securities and Exchange Commission filing. The purchases made him Metalico’s largest single shareholder, with a 9.5-percent stake in the company. Weitsman subsequently made an unsolicited offer to acquire all outstanding shares of Metalico stock. In a letter to the company in which he makes the offer, Weitsman suggests a hostile takeover also is an option. Visit www.upstateshredding.com.
■ Recycling company Kuusakoski US (Plainfield, Ill.) has completed its purchase of Vintage Tech Recyclers (Plainfield, Ill.). The two have collaborated since 2011, when Kuusakoski purchased 40 percent of Vintage Tech; the recent agreement secured the purchase of the remaining 60 percent of Vintage Tech’s shares. The companies anticipate the partnership will result in cost savings for electronics recycling and refurbishing customers. The two companies will continue to be run separately, but they will share one executive team. Visit www.kuusakoski.us or www.vintagetechrecyclers.com.
■ Quincy Recycle (Quincy, Ill.) has purchased the plant and assets formerly owned by Imperial Paper Stock Co. (Bridgeton, Mo.). The acquisition will provide customers in the St. Louis metro area with a facility specializing in recycling paper and plastics. In addition to serving Imperial’s customer base, Quincy Recycle plans to expand the plant’s current reach and services. Visit www.quincyrecycle.com.
■ Shanghai PRET Composites Co. (Shanghai) has acquired one of the largest plastics recyclers in the United States, Wellman Plastics Recycling (Johnsonville, S.C.), and its subsidiary, DC Foam Recycle, for more than $70 million. PRET, an automotive industry composite materials manufacturer, says the purchase is the start of its entry into the U.S. auto compounding market and the first step in its international expansion. WPR formed in 2008 after the bankruptcy of predecessor Wellman, which was one of the world’s largest PET recyclers. Visit www.wellmanplastics.com or en.pret.com.cn.
■ Aluminum business Constellium (Amsterdam) has acquired Wise Metals Intermediate Holdings (Muscle Shoals, Ala.). The purchase gives Constellium access to 450,000 mt of annual hot mill capacity from North America’s widest strip mill. Constellium intends to boost its position in the North American aluminum automotive body-in-white market by investing up to $750 million into the Wise plant by 2022. Visit www.constellium.com or www.wisemetals.com.
■ Recycled fiber product manufacturer Cascades (Kingsey Falls, Québec) has sold its North American boxboard manufacturing and converting assets to Graphic Packaging Holding Co. (Atlanta) for nearly $36 million. The transaction includes sites in East Angus and Jonquière, Québec; Winnipeg, Manitoba; and Mississauga and Cobourg, Ontario. Visit www.cascades.com or www.graphicpkg.com.
■ leris (Cleveland) has agreed to sell its aluminum extrusions business to Sankyo Tateyama (Toyama, Japan), a Japanese building products and extrusions manufacturer. Included in the sale are four production facilities in Europe and one in China. This follows Aleris’ October announcement of its plans to sell its recycling and specification alloys businesses to Signature Group Holdings (Sherman Oaks, Calif.). The completion of both transactions will make Aleris solely a global rolled products business focused on industries such as automotive, aerospace, and construction. Visit www.aleris.com.
■ Packaging manufacturers Rock-Tenn Co. (Norcross, Ga.) and MeadWestvaco Corp. (Richmond, Va.) have merged into a nearly $16 billion company whose name has not yet been announced. The move creates the second-largest U.S. packaging company; International Paper (Memphis, Tenn.) remains the industry leader with 2014 sales of more than $23 billion. MeadWestvaco shareholders will own about 50.1 percent of the company and Rock-Tenn shareholders will own 49.9 percent. The combined company is keeping its headquarters in MeadWestvaco’s home base of Richmond, Va., with operating offices in Rock-Tenn’s hometown, Norcross, Ga. Rock-Tenn CEO Steven Voorhees will serve as the new company’s president and CEO, and MeadWestvaco CEO John Luke will become non-executive chairman of the board of directors.
In other Rock-Tenn news, the company shut down its recycled paperboard plant in the Oakley neighborhood of Cincinnati at the end of 2014. The facility, one of the company’s oldest and smallest, produced up to 53,000 tons of paperboard annually, according to news reports. Visit www.rocktenn.com or www.mwv.com.
■ New-Indy JV Corp. (Ontario, Calif.) has acquired corrugated producer Carolina Container Co. (High Point, N.C.), including its CaroCon Display and Packaging (High Point, N.C.) division. The purchase provides an East Coast presence for New-Indy, which is a joint venture between the Kraft Group (Foxborough, Mass.) and Schwarz Partners (Indianapolis). Visit www.thekraftgroup.com.
■ Independent media organization Argus (London) has bought MetalPrices.com (Basalt, Colo.) to expand its coverage of the metal markets. The company plans to enhance MetalPrices.com’s global platform by expanding its service and product offerings. Visit www.argusmedia.com.
n NACCO Materials Handling Group (Cleveland) has acquired Nuvera Fuel Cells (Billerica, Mass.). NACCO plans to integrate Nuvera’s fuel cell technology into lift truck products in its Hyster-Yale Materials Handling division to optimize the machines’ performance and energy efficiency. Visit www.hyster-yale.com or www.nuvera.com.
Large Brands’ Sustainability Practices Criticized
Some of the world’s best-known food and beverage brands are getting blasted for subpar packaging sustainability practices. An environmental report from nonprofits As You Sow (Oakland, Calif.) and the Natural Resources Defense Council (Washington, D.C.) indicates Burger King (Miami), MillerCoors (Chicago), and Kraft Foods (Northfield, Ill.) are among the companies wasting $11.4 billion of valuable materials each year with single-use packaging.
Waste and Opportunity 2015 analyzes 47 fast-food chains, beverage companies, and consumer goods and grocery companies based on their packaging practices. It looks at the recycled content of each company’s packaging, packaging recyclability, reduction in packaging materials, and efforts to boost customer access to recycling and categorized the company’s performance as best practices, better practices, needs improvement, or poor. No businesses fell into the “best practices” category. Those with “better practices” include Starbucks (Seattle) and McDonald’s (Oak Brook, Ill.); “needs improvement” were Dunkin’ Brands (Canton, Mass.), Chick-fil-A (College Park, Ga.), Chipotle (Denver), and Panera Bread (Sunset Hills, Mo.). Arby’s (Sandy Springs, Ga.), Quizno’s (Denver), Jack in the Box (San Diego), Dairy Queen (Edina, Minn.), and Papa John’s Pizza (Jeffersontown, Ky.) fell in the “poor” category.
Overall, only about half of U.S. consumer packaging gets recycled, the report says. It urges companies to improve food and beverage packaging to prevent litter, pollution, and wasted resources. Find the full report at www.asyousow.org/ays_report/waste-and-opportunity-2015/.
First Battery Made From Recycled Batteries
Energizer Household Products (St. Louis) has unveiled the world’s first alkaline battery made in part from recycled battery materials. EcoAdvanced AA batteries are made with 4 percent recycled postconsumer battery materials. Energizer hopes to boost that proportion to 40 percent by 2025. The batteries themselves can be recycled at the end of their lives. EcoAdvanced is Energizer’s longest-lasting alkaline battery, it says, and it has achieved UL environmental claim validation.
In addition to requiring less virgin material, the product’s longer life reduces the number of batteries consumers need to purchase over time, the company says. The batteries appeared on store shelves in February and cost about 25 percent more than comparable batteries. Visit www.energizer.com/ecoadvanced.
Honors and Awards
■ Electronics recycling company e-End (Frederick, Md.) has received the 2014 Business Waste Reduction and Recycling Award from the Frederick County Department of Solid Waste Management (Frederick, Md.) in recognition of its commitment to recycling and waste-reduction strategies. Some measures e-End employees take to reduce waste include reducing the amount of shrink wrap they use on pallets, reusing cardboard boxes for shipping, and reusing computers and office equipment instead of buying new items. Visit www.eendusa.com.
■ The Greater Columbus (Ga.) Chamber of Commerce gave E.J. Knight Scrap Material Co. (Columbus, Ga.) its Small Business of the Month award in January. E.J. Knight Scrap president Mark Kamensky’s grandfather and great-uncle founded the business more than 100 years ago. Visit www.ejknightcolsga.com.
■ American Power Conversion (West Kingston, R.I.) uninterruptible power supplies recycler and refurbisher CoastTec (Randallstown, Md.) has received R2:2013 and RIOS™ certification. CoastTec has repaired, refurbished, and reconditioned single-phase APC UPS for more than 30 years, and it remains the only APC-certified out-of-warranty service center in the United States. Visit www.coasttec.com.
■ Five organizations have recently joined the R2 Recycling Leader program, which Sustainable Electronics Recycling International (Boulder, Colo.) developed in June 2014. With the addition of Arrow Electronics (Englewood, Colo.), Blancco (Joensuu, Finland), JT Environmental Consulting (Elmhurst, Ill.), Lenovo (Morrisville, N.C.), and the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (Phoenix), 17 entities are now R2 Recycling Leaders. Participants agree to manage their electronics responsibly, consider R2 certification when choosing a recycler, and take a leadership role on a project to advance global recycling. Arrow Electronics is working with SERI to train recycling facility managers in Latin America about the R2 standard and responsible electronics recycling. Blancco is designing a college and university outreach campaign to raise awareness of data security and responsible electronics recycling. JT Environmental Consulting has agreed to donate consulting services to electronics recyclers. Lenovo has donated funds to help translate the R2:2013 standard, R2 guidance document, and R2 code of practices into Spanish and Portuguese, which will help expand R2 certification in Central and South America. The Arizona DEQ, which is the first government agency to join the program, will provide information to Arizona residents about the importance of responsibly managing used electronics and where in the state to find certified recyclers. Visit www.sustainableelectronics.org.
■ Sonoco (Hartsville, S.C.) has named its Waco, Texas, flexible packaging facility a gold Sonoco Sustainability Star Award recipient for its efforts to achieve landfill-free status. It has diverted 90 to 100 tons of material a month from the landfill, with most of the diverted materials being printed oriented PP, printed PET, LDPE, mPET, PET, and fiber cores. Half of the material the facility diverts is recycled and the other half is converted to energy. The gold award recognizes facilities that achieve 99 percent landfill diversion. Visit www.sonoco.com.
■ Instrument manufacturer Mettler-Toledo International (Columbus, Ohio) received a 2015 People’s Choice award from Control magazine in the weighing system/load cell category. Control surveyed approximately 1,000 respondents about which suppliers provide the best products and services in nine product categories and 78 subcategories. Visit www.mt.com.
■ Bigbelly (Newton, Mass.) has been named the top smart city application in the 2014/15 Internet of Things Awards. The category honors businesses that have developed new technologies to transform cities. Bigbelly’s solar-powered, networked waste and recycling stations received recognition for helping recycling and waste collectors save time, fuel, and money while reducing their carbon footprint. Visit www.bigbelly.com.
S+S Becomes Sesotec
S+S Separation and Sorting Technology (Schönberg, Germany) changed its name to Sesotec in March. The company has been using Sesotec as its Internet domain for eight years, and it believes the new name will be easier to remember and find in indexes. The name also is easier for employees and customers around the world to pronounce, it says. Visit www.sesotec.com.
Companies Donate $3 Million for STEM Education
Doosan (Seoul, South Korea) and Bobcat Co. (West Fargo, N.D.) have donated $3 million to North Dakota State University (Fargo, N.D.) to fund a scholarship program focused on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. The state of North Dakota will chip in an additional $1.5 million. The combined total of $4.5 million makes it the largest gift to establish a scholarship endowment in NDSU history. The endowment will distribute about $180,000 in scholarships each year once it is fully funded, though some scholarship distribution will start this year. Visit www.bobcat.com or www.doosan.com.
■ Harris Waste Management Group (Cordele, Ga.) has launched a new North American distribution network consisting of 16 distributors. The company created the nationwide network to enhance sales, parts, and service offerings and to respond to customer needs more efficiently and effectively, it says. Avis Industrial Corp. (Upland, Ind.) owns Harris Waste Management Group and IPS Balers (Baxley, Ga.). Visit www.harrisequip.com/sales/north-america for the full list of distributors.
In related news, Sargents Equipment (South Chicago Heights, Ill.) will serve as a baler and conveyor distributor and service provider for IPS Balers customers in the greater Chicago area. Visit www.sargentsequipment.com.
■ Liebherr Construction Equipment Co. (Newport News, Va.) has announced two new distribution agreements. Heavy Machines (Memphis, Tenn.) has become a distributor for its full line of construction equipment, which includes new and used excavators, wheel loaders, shredders, and grinders. The agreement allows Heavy Machines to distribute the equipment from stores in Memphis, Tenn.; Skowhegan, Maine; and Shreveport and Sorrento, La. Visit www.heavymachinesinc.com or www.liebherr.com.
Delta Industrial Services (Delta Junction, Alaska) has become a new dealer for Liebherr’s full line of material-handling equipment. The company has three dealership locations in Fairbanks and Delta Junction, Alaska, with 50,000 square feet of shop, warehouse, and office space and 53 acres of property among them. Visit www.deltaindustrial.com or www.liebherr.us.
■ Eastern Applied Research (Lockport, N.Y.) has expanded its line of Oxford Instruments (Abingdon, England) metal analyzer products to include a portable model with laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. The mPulse hand-held metal analyzer features one-second alloy identification and has no radiation source. Visit www.easternapplied.com.
■ Material handling equipment manufacturer Superior Industries (Morris, Minn.) has named AIS Construction Equipment Corp. (Grand Rapids, Mich.) its exclusive conveying equipment dealer in Michigan. AIS will market, sell, and service Superior’s full line of conveying equipment from its six Michigan locations. Visit www.superior-ind.com or www.aisequip.com.
■ Vortex De-pollution and Recycling Equipment (Denver) has added Roter Recycling (Formignana, Italy) vehicle and metal balers and shear balers to its catalog. Although Roter is relatively new in the North American market, Vortex says, its processing equipment is well-known throughout Europe and in New Zealand. Visit www.vortexdepollution.com or www.roter-recycling.com.
Football Fans Divert 2 Million Pounds of Recyclables
College football fans at 91 schools taking part in the GameDay Recycling Challenge diverted nearly 2.2 million pounds of material from landfills in 2014. Schools tracked the weight of trash, organic food waste, and recyclable materials generated both inside stadiums and in tailgating areas during home football games. Program participants reused or recycled bottles, cans, paper, corrugated, and food scraps. Humboldt State University (Arcata, Calif.) won the diversion rate competition with a rate of 86 percent. Clemson University (Clemson, S.C.) won the total recycling competition by reusing, recycling, or composting more than 30 tons of materials. The College and University Recycling Coalition, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s WasteWise Program (both in Washington, D.C.), Keep America Beautiful, and RecycleMania (both in Stamford, Conn.) produce the competition. Visit www.gamedaychallenge.org.
Group Seeks Challenging Materials
Sorbilite’s (Virginia Beach, Va.) integrated composite forming system provides partner businesses with finished products made from scrap and other discarded materials. The company manufactures products such as tiles and molding from common materials—wood fiber, paper, and crumb rubber, for example—as well as more unusual items, such as coconut shells and thorny African bushes. Sorbilite continues to seek partners who might have materials suitable for its process. Visit www.sorbilite.com.
Equipment Sales and Installations
■ TSR Recycling (Bottrop, Germany) has purchased a new Sennebogen (Straubing, Germany) 835 Crawler Electro. The material handler runs on a 160-kW electric motor with a 115-foot trailing cable. TSR uses the machine primarily for charging scrap metal shears and loading trucks and rail cars. It anticipates energy savings from replacing its diesel machines with the new electric machine. Visit www.tsr.eu or www.sennebogen.com.
■ Turkish steelmaker Tosyali Holding (Iskenderun, Turkey) has purchased a Danieli Lynxs DCR 2227 shredder from Danieli Centro Recycling (Buttrio, Italy) for its plant in Oran, Algeria. The 4,000-hp machine produces shredded scrap at up to 100 mt an hour or 400,000 mt a year. Visit en.tosyaliholding.com.tr/ or www.danieli-centro-recycling.com.
■ Recycling company Baetsen (Veldhoven, Netherlands) has purchased two next-generation ZenRobotics recycler (ZRR1) units from ZenRobotics (Helsinki). The new system will replace the ZRR fast picker unit Baetsen’s recycling plant has used since March 2013. The ZRR1 can sort an average of 3,000 picks an hour, with a peak sorting speed of up to 4,000 picks an hour. Visit www.baetsen.com or www.zenrobotics.com.
Award Recognizes Textile and Shoe Upcycling
Textile upcycling organization I:Collect, a subsidiary of SOEX Group (Baar, Switzerland), and the Environmental Protection Encouragement Agency (Hamburg, Germany) honor inventive concepts and scientific efforts aimed at establishing closed-loop recycling for textiles and shoes with the I:CO award every other year. Winners receive cash rewards totaling $5,000, which was about $5,700 in February.
The judges select one winner from each of two categories—products and concepts. The only criterion is the idea must bring textiles and shoes into a closed recycling loop. Entrants may be individuals or teams. Entrants must fill out the online application and submit a summary in German or English explaining the project’s research, approach, and results.
■ Research and Markets (Dublin) has released two reports relevant to the scrap recycling industry. Scrap Recycling Industry in US 2014-2018 forecasts that the U.S. scrap recycling industry will grow at a compound annual growth rate of 3.41 percent in the coming years. The report has chapters on market challenges, trends, and growth prospects for recycling ferrous and nonferrous metals, plastics, paper, rubber, textiles, and glass. It also names key vendors in the market. Visit www.researchandmarkets.com/research/hhvtzc/scrap_recycling.
Global E-Waste Management Market 2014-2018 covers e-scrap recycling in the Americas, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and the Asia-Pacific region, breaking down the market into four source types: household appliances, IT communication technology, consumer electronics, and others. It indicates the market will grow at a CAGR of nearly 15 percent during the covered time period. The report details key vendors in this industry; the market’s drivers, challenges, and trends; and more. Visit www.researchandmarkets.com/publication/mw7rsqw.
■ ReportsnReports.com (Dallas) has released research reports on the electronics recycling industry in India and China. The 73-page E-Waste Market in India 2015-2019 covers the key players in the industry and growth prospects in the coming years. It forecasts India’s e-scrap market will have a compound annual growth rate of more than 26 percent during that five-year time period. High rates of obsolete technology have caused demand for efficient electronic scrap management, but a lack of effective disposal mechanisms hinders market growth, according to the research.
The other report, E-Waste Management Services Market in China 2014-2018, forecasts growth at a CAGR of more than 19 percent. The research highlights key vendors operating in the Chinese market. It was prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with input from industry experts. Order the India report at www.reportsnreports.com/Purchase.aspx?name=321838 or the China report at www.reportsnreports.com/Purchase.aspx?name=312608.
■ The American Forest & Paper Association’s (Washington, D.C.) new What Is Recyclable? web page provides information about the paper items most commonly accepted for recycling in the United States. The site also features the video Improving Paper Recycling, which encourages people to recycle paper products and to clean and dry materials before placing them in a recycling bin. Visit www.paperrecycles.org/recycling-resources/what-is-recyclable-.
■ Smithers Rapra (Shawbury, England) has published Recycling and Re-use of Waste Rubber, which looks at the world market for scrap tire rubber, new manufacturing technologies, and other processes for turning scrap rubber into new products. The hardcover book addresses techniques used to devulcanize scrap rubber so it can be made into high-specification products as well as the production of crumb rubber, tire-derived fuel, gasification, and carbon black. Visit info.smithersrapra.com/publishing/WSU033.
■ The National Association for Information Destruction (Phoenix) has launched a services selection dashboard, an enhanced online membership directory that helps customers better determine the qualifications and capabilities of destruction services companies. In addition to a text directory, the updated dashboard graphically shows member locations and allows sorting by qualifications, service platform, retail services, and more. NAID expects to add more site features in the coming months, it says. Visit directory.naidonline.org/.
Prairie Forge: The Extraordinary Story of the Nebraska Scrap Metal Drive of World War II
In July 1942, just seven months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt set ambitious production goals for U.S. manufacturers. Steel producers faced a major problem meeting their productions quotas, however: They were running out of scrap.
In his book Prairie Forge, James J. Kimble, associate professor of communication and the arts at Seton Hall University (South Orange, N.J.), traces the story of a Midwestern newspaper editor who devised a plan to close this scrap deficit.
At the start of 1942, Roosevelt had appealed to Americans to start collecting scrap metal and rubber for the war effort. Even though the government established a sizable bureaucracy— with more than 13,000 local scrap committees—to meet the challenge, those efforts still missed a significant tonnage of scrap. By midyear, U.S. steel production was facing a
5 million-ton shortfall of scrap that was essential to the war effort. The infrastructure was in place; all the mills needed was more ferrous scrap.
Kimble stumbled upon a pamphlet describing the summer 1942 scrap collection campaign of a Nebraska daily newspaper, the Omaha World-Herald, and its editor, Henry Doorly. Doorly tapped into the competitive nature of his fellow cornhuskers by challenging them to a three-week, statewide scrap collection contest. Using the editorial and advertising resources of his paper, he offered a $2,000 prize in war bonds to build momentum.
His contest pitted the state’s 93 counties against each other to see which one could collect the most iron and steel scrap per capita. His paper, along with the other newspapers and radio stations in the state, launched a constant barrage of advertising and stories to promote the contest. Papers printed the county-by-county daily collection figures on the front page. They complemented the numbers with human-interest anecdotes from the winning and lagging counties. The Burlington and Union Pacific railroads soon joined the fray, scouring their facilities for surplus metal and holding rallies as well as assigning personnel to support the effort.
Kimble, a native Nebraskan, interviewed numerous Nebraskans and uncovered stories that capture the contest participants’ homefront excitement. As the contest heated up, Nebraskans scoured the countryside for scrap. By the end of the contest, they had collected nearly 70,000 tons of metal, amassed in giant “scrap mountains” in cities and towns across the state. Doorly’s contest succeeded where Washington’s bureaucrats had failed, and his approach set the tone for many other wartime programs.
Doorly’s contest caught the interest of the War Production Board, and within weeks it rolled out his Nebraska Plan in a coast-to-coast contest. The national campaign enlisted the help of major news outlets and Hollywood stars. Using Doorly’s formula, the national contest pitted state against state, county against county, and schools and civic groups against each other. When the contest ended and the collections were tallied, America’s steel mills no longer faced a scrap shortage. By the end of 1942, annual U.S. steel production had reached 101 percent of capacity. The following spring, Doorly and the Omaha World-Herald received a Pulitzer Prize for public service.
Kimble’s research and interviews breathe life into this little-known contribution to the U.S. war effort. Prairie Forge is an entertaining, well-written narrative of the tremendous role Nebraskans, Henry Doorly, and scrap metal played in shaping the early years of the war. The book is available at www.amazon.com or www.nebraskapress.unl.edu. For additional information on this subject, see the documentary film Scrappers: How the Heartland Won World War II, which Kimble co-produced with Thomas Rondinella.
—Tom Mele is president of Connecticut Metal Industries (Ansonia, Conn.).
Plastic Production Grows, Recycling Needs a Boost
Global plastic production has increased steadily for more than 50 years, but plastic recycling efforts have failed to keep pace, according to a new Worldwatch Institute (Washington, D.C.) report, Global Plastic Production Rises, Recycling Lags. The plastic industry grew an average of 8.7 percent a year from 1950 to 2012, the report says. Global production in 2012 totaled nearly 300 million tons, with plastic rapidly replacing glass, metal, and paper in manufacturing.
Despite some positive developments in plastic recycling, overall global numbers could be stronger, the report states. Europe’s plastic recycling reached 6.6 million tons—26 percent of the postconsumer plastic produced there—in 2012. The United States recycled only 9 percent of its plastic, or 2.8 million tons, that year. The United Nations Environment Programme (Nairobi, Kenya) estimates even lower recovery rates in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, where plastic products often become litter or are burned in an environmentally uncontrolled fashion.
Researchers recommend government action along the plastic supply chain to encourage recycling, especially considering the expected increase in global plastic demand. Purchase the report at www.worldwatch.org/node/14576.